My hunch was that as the IDP camps appear slightly more blue than the surrounding landscape due to the use of UNHCR tarps. This mapping was created by adjusting the colour balance in photoshop. By careful adjustment I was able to extract this information and it confirmed my observation. The now yellow areas correspond to camps. What did surprise me was the extent of the camps when seen in this way.
This land use mapping attempts to categorise the main open spaces currently serving as temporary shelter zones. It is clear that after one year the camps are still vital for people. The purple represents private land, the red government or infrastructure such as air ports, the aqua might is what appears to be low lying, unused or agricultural land and the green represents public space such as parks and gardens.
It slowly dawned on me while while pouring over countless sites of human displacement in Haiti the sheer scale of the catastrophe and human suffering there. It is really quite astounding. The images above are a few of the key types of displacement that I found. There were clear instances of self-settlement, military style planned camps, rubble being used for land reclamation and adapted structures. The image on the bottom left is interesting because it shows a transition from what appears to be a fairly informal camp to transitional housing. Haiti is also susceptible to weather extremes and this poses a very real danger for people seeking refuge on flood prone land. Perhaps land reclamation using rubble can be combined with new housing in an open ended rule based system?? And what of the voids left in the wake of the quake. I read that around 80 percent of homes suffered damage with many of requiring complete demolition. This terrible situation begs one to consider how best to approach the rebuilding of such damaged communities. I think displacement might be a fruitful metaphor for understanding my project.
Some of the main problems facing the recovery process are: land tenure issues, poor land quality (flood), building transitional shelter in situ.
This ICRC video gives a good overview of the current situation.
UNHCR Refugee Camp Design